By Walter A. Kaufmann
This vintage is the benchmark opposed to which all glossy books approximately Nietzsche are measured. whilst Walter Kaufmann wrote it within the fast aftermath of worldwide conflict II, so much students outdoors Germany considered Nietzsche as half madman, half proto-Nazi, and virtually utterly unphilosophical. Kaufmann rehabilitated Nietzsche approximately single-handedly, offering his works as one of many nice achievements of Western philosophy.
Responding to the strong myths and countermyths that had sprung up round Nietzsche, Kaufmann provided a sufferer, evenhanded account of his existence and works, and of the makes use of and abuses to which next generations had placed his rules. with out ignoring or downplaying the ugliness of lots of Nietzsche's proclamations, he set them within the context of his paintings as a complete and of the counterexamples yielded through a liable studying of his books. extra absolutely, he awarded Nietzsche's rules approximately energy as one of many nice accomplishments of recent philosophy, arguing that his perception of the "will to power" was once no longer a crude apology for ruthless self-assertion yet needs to be associated with Nietzsche's both profound principles approximately sublimation. He additionally offered Nietzsche as a pioneer of recent psychology and argued key to figuring out his total philosophy is to work out it as a response opposed to Christianity.
Many students some time past part century have taken factor with a few of Kaufmann's interpretations, however the publication ranks as essentially the most influential bills ever written of any significant Western thinker.
The measure of introspection completed by means of Nietzsche had by no means been accomplished through an individual, neither is it ever more likely to be accomplished back - Sigmund Freud
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Additional resources for Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist
18 Parallels between Nietzsche and the German romantics can of course be found,19 and it is also possible to define the notoriously equivocal word "romantic" in a sense which would permit its application to Nietzsche; but, especially where no precise definition is given, any interpretation of Nietzsche as the typical representative or the late son of a movement that he consistently opposed seems, to say the least, highly misleading. " Nietzsche may have been more similar to Wagner than he admitted when he spoke of "We Antipodes," but any writer is misunderstood fundamentally when his intentions are ignored and he is identified with the forces he fought.
The battle with Wagner, as it turned out, was only the first and greatest in Nietzsche's long war for independence; but it should not be viewed merely as an instance of Nietzsche's "transcending"—and certainly not as proof of his incapacity for any lasting human attachments. Nietzsche retained Overbeck's friendship until the end; few philosophers have written more eloquently in praise of friendship than Nietzsche; and while he was surely a "difficult" person, the inference that he was incapable of lasting friendship seems unwarranted.
To the end, Nietzsche conceded Wagner's greatness. He considered it the best sign of Shakespeare's genius that Shakespeare had realized how "the height at which he places Caesar is the finest honor which he could bestow on Brutus: thus alone he raises Brutus' inner problem, no less than the spiritual strength which was able to cut this knot, to tremendous significance" (FW 98). " Even more literal translations of the title have missed the meaning of Betrachtungen which distinguishes these "contemplations" from Nietzsche's other, generally uncontemplative, works.
Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist by Walter A. Kaufmann