By J. Davidson
Why do Britain, France, and Italy supply or refuse army help for U.S.-led makes use of of strength? This e-book offers a different, multiple-case research research of transatlantic burden-sharing. Sixty unique interviews with best policymakers and analysts offer perception into allies' judgements concerning the Kosovo battle (1999), Afghanistan (2001), and the Iraq warfare (2003). The situations convey that neoclassical realist factors--alliance price, hazard, status, and electoral politics--explain allies' judgements larger than constructivist factors--identity and norms. The e-book in brief covers extra circumstances (Vietnam, Lebanon, the Persian Gulf battle, Somalia) and concludes with options for expanding destiny allied army aid.
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Additional info for America's Allies and War: Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq
It is plausible that this factor affected the outcome but there is no direct evidence that it did. indd 34 2/11/2011 8:49:37 PM Vietnam, Lebanon, Persian Gulf, and Somalia ● 35 decision was driven by its role as mediator, so the case provides support for alternative explanation two, but that interpretation has been rebutted by a leading scholar of the case. France: Interest, Prestige, and Alliance When the Johnson administration launched the April 1964 More Flags program they did not formally appeal to the French government, headed by Charles de Gaulle.
Establishing identity entails documenting widely shared elite and public notions of what a state is relative to others. International Norms International norms may also explain a state’s action. In allowing, requiring, or proscribing particular actions, international norms attach social costs and benefits to state behavior. 55 Constructivists also argue that states internalize international norms and comply with them because they see them as just. , norms require action) should make states likely to provide support.
Establishing causal effect requires the careful tracing of each causal variable from its emergence up to the moment of the outcome, revealing all points at (and ways in) which the causal variable appears to have contributed to the outcome. Congruence procedure and process-tracing methods require careful reading of secondary sources, memoirs, published documents, and contemporary news accounts. The process-tracing method benefits from direct access to decision makers through elite interviews. From November 2008 to July 2009 I conducted fifty-nine interviews in London, Rome, and Paris with policymakers and analysts.
America's Allies and War: Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq by J. Davidson