Download e-book for iPad: All the Trees of the Forest: Israel’s Woodlands from the by Alon Tal

By Alon Tal

ISBN-10: 0300189508

ISBN-13: 9780300189506

In this insightful and provocative publication, Alon Tal presents an in depth account of Israeli forests, tracing their heritage from the Bible to the current, and descriptions the hassle to remodel drylands and degraded soils into wealthy parks, rangelands, and ecosystems. Tal’s description of Israel’s trials and blunders, and his exploration of either the environmental background and the present coverage dilemmas surrounding that country's forests, will supply necessary classes within the years yet to come for different elements of the realm trying to reestablish timberlands.

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Extra resources for All the Trees of the Forest: Israel’s Woodlands from the Bible to the Present

Sample text

The local Arab population also did not welcome the trees. This hostile reception translated into chronic disregard for grazing restraints, intermittent vandalism, arson, and even violence against forestry officials. Moreover, the perplexing land registration dynamics, the political ambivalence that soon reigned among senior decision makers in London and Jerusalem, World War II, along with inadequate program funding and professional personnel, constituted a recipe for failure. To some extent, the disappointing results can also be attributed to the lofty aspirations that the British foresters set for themselves from the outset.

The most serious effort to reconstruct the boundaries of the historic vegetative cover throughout Israel was undertaken over fifty years ago by geographer Hanah Margalit, as part of her doctoral dissertation. ≥π Integrating the many travel reports that had survived through the ages, ancient maps, and British aerial photography from the end of World War I, they sketched the landscape that existed in Ottoman Palestine before the modern British-Zionist era. Margalit not only demarcated the few remaining and decimated state forests, but also reconstructed the agriculture and crop profile that existed in centuries past.

A few first-hand reports from the period describe acute ecological decline. ∑∂ Located in the ‘‘triangle’’ in Israel’s heartland on the hills overlooking Wadi Ara, Umm-el-Fahem is one of the oldest Arab communities in Israel, first documented in writing in 1262. The village’s name, ‘‘the mother of charcoal,’’ reflected the local economic specialization: preparing charcoal from the surrounding forests and groves. Today, as one passes through the offices of the city’s art museum, one sees a large image celebrating the local heritage: an archival photograph of trees piled high, waiting to be burned internally to prepare charcoal.

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All the Trees of the Forest: Israel’s Woodlands from the Bible to the Present by Alon Tal

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