By James Dobbins, Michele A. Poole, Austin Long, Benjamin Runkle
This publication examines how the us has received significant adventure in nation-building operations via its participation in no less than 8 major operations considering global battle II-in Germany, Japan, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq.
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Extra resources for After the War: Nation-Building from FDR to George W. Bush
147–148). ”10 A one-size-ﬁts-all, generic structure for nation-building will likely fail to conform to the needs of a given president and will thus be suboptimal. On the other hand, as this examination shows, excessive innovation in structure and process to suit individual presidential preference comes at a high cost in terms of continuity of expertise and quality of government performance. ”11 The bargaining process and organizational competition for inﬂuence on policy outcomes does not stop once the president has signed oﬀ on a decision.
4 The formalistic model is deﬁned by a heavy reliance on hierarchy and staﬀ analysis. In this model, lower-level analysis conducted within the executive branch and integrated through the National Security Council screens and “digests” information for senior policymakers. This process generates speciﬁc options that are presented to the president and cabinet-level advisers. This model attempts to downplay conﬂict through the extensive staﬀ collaboration required, as many issues of contention will have either been resolved or simply incorporated as trade-oﬀs in the various options generated.
They believed that the punishment of war criminals, denaziﬁcation, and reeducation of the German people would be critical in the rehabilitation and reintegration of Germany into Europe. The planning group felt that war reparations would create instability in Germany and encourage resentment and therefore should be avoided. They were concerned that the mass movement of refugees in the wake of the war could result in economic chaos or collapse. The one subject on which the group could not agree was whether to partition Germany.
After the War: Nation-Building from FDR to George W. Bush by James Dobbins, Michele A. Poole, Austin Long, Benjamin Runkle