By D. W. G. Ballentyne B.Sc., Ph.D., F.Inst.P., D. R. Lovett M.Sc., A.R.C.S., D.I.C., Ph.D., M.Inst.P. (auth.)
The layout of this version is still unchanged from past variations however the majority of entries have obtained a few revision. particularly, devices at the moment are in SI devices anyplace attainable, even if with convinced of the classical entries this isn't attainable. Chemical terminology has proved a specific challenge. we've got stored the typical names for natural compounds as a result of the vast readership of this ebook yet now we have extra an additional desk giving the an identical systematic names and the formulae. we've got attempted to prevent omission of any named results and legislation that experience broad utilization. however, on the way to retain the e-book to a possible size, it's been essential to make a choice one of the much less general phrases and it's inevitable that a few arbitrary offerings and omissions needs to be made. a few entries from past versions were ignored to make room for different entries which we believe became extra vital. we're particularly thankful to these readers who've mentioned past omissions. D.W.G.B. Imperial collage, Uni!.:ersity of London D.R.L.
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Extra info for A Dictionary of Named Effects and Laws in Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics
Boltzmann Distribution Law See Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution Law Boltzmann Equation The entropy of a system of particles is proportional to the logarithm of the probability of its macroscopic state. ) Boltzmann H Theorem The Boltzmann H function is defined as H = IS fIn f dv dr where integration is over all position and momentum space. f is a distribution function and v and r are velocity and position vectors respectively. Then, the Boltzmann H theorem states that H is a 30 Boltzmann's Transport Equation decreasing function with time unless f is Maxwellian in which case H remains constant.
Cannizzaro Reaction This reaction is an example of disproportionation. COONa + CH 3 0H All aldehydes may be made to undergo this reaction in the presence of aluminium ethoxide. 47 Caratheodory's Principle Caratheodory's Principle In the neighbourhood of an arbitrary state J of a thermally isolated system there are states J which are inaccessible from 1. It is a statement of the second law of thermodynamics and asserts that there are states as close as we wish to J that cannot be reached by an adiabatic process.
Hence for hydrogen or positively charged helium, Bohr showed the emitted radiation to be 29 Bohr - Van Leeuwen Theorem restricted to wavenumbers specified by V=R()/-)\2) where T\ and T2 are positive integers and R is the Rydberg Constant, such that R = 2n 2 e4 Z2 J1 h3 where Z is the nuclear charge and J1 the reduced mass. Bohr regarded absorption of light as the reverse of emission. Also resonance radiation is produced by the return of an electron to the same ground state from which it had been excited.
A Dictionary of Named Effects and Laws in Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics by D. W. G. Ballentyne B.Sc., Ph.D., F.Inst.P., D. R. Lovett M.Sc., A.R.C.S., D.I.C., Ph.D., M.Inst.P. (auth.)